Bootstrapping is a widely applicable technique for statistical estimation.
Bootstrapping statistics with different resampling methods:
ExactSampling): deterministic bootstrap, suited for small samples sizes
Reports on package builds for all platforms and test coverage are collected on the package status page.
The package uses semantic versioning.
Bootstrap package is part of the Julia ecosphere and the latest release
version can be installed with
using Pkg Pkg.add("Bootstrap")
More details on packages and how to manage them can be found in the package section of the Julia documentation.
This example illustrates the basic usage and cornerstone functions of the package. More elaborate cases are covered in the documentation notebooks.
Our observations in
some_data are sampled from a standard normal distribution.
some_data = randn(100);
Let's bootstrap the standard deviation (
std) of our data, based on 1000
resamples and with different bootstrapping approaches.
using Statistics # the `std` methods live here n_boot = 1000 ## basic bootstrap bs1 = bootstrap(std, some_data, BasicSampling(n_boot)) ## balanced bootstrap bs2 = bootstrap(std, some_data, BalancedSampling(n_boot))
We can explore the properties of the bootstrapped samples, for example, the estimated bias and standard error of our statistic.
Furthermore, we can estimate confidence intervals (CIs) for our statistic of interest, based on the bootstrapped samples.
## calculate 95% confidence intervals cil = 0.95; ## basic CI bci1 = confint(bs1, BasicConfInt(cil)); ## percentile CI bci2 = confint(bs1, PercentileConfInt(cil)); ## BCa CI bci3 = confint(bs1, BCaConfInt(cil)); ## Normal CI bci4 = confint(bs1, NormalConfInt(cil));
The bootstrapping wikipedia article is a comprehensive introduction into the topic. An extensive description of the bootstrap is the focus of the book Davison and Hinkley (1997): Bootstrap Methods and Their Application. Most of the methodology covered in the book is implemented in the boot package for the R programming language. More references are listed in the documentation for further reading.
Contributions of any kind are very welcome. Please feel free to open pull requests or issues if you have suggestions for changes, ideas or questions.
No, not really. This package focuses on an interesting area in statistics, but the term bootstrapping is also used in different other contexts. You can check wikipedia for a longer list of meanings associated with bootstrapping.
14 days ago