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# DomainSets.jl

DomainSets.jl is a package designed to represent simple infinite sets, that can be used to encode domains of functions. For example, the domain of the function `log(x::Float64)` is the infinite open interval, which is represented by the type `HalfLine{Float64}()`.

## Examples

### Intervals

DomainSets.jl uses IntervalSets.jl for Closed and open intervals.

### Rectangles

Rectangles can be constructed as a product of intervals, where the elements of the domain are `SVector{2}`:

``````julia> using DomainSets, StaticArrays; import DomainSets: ×

julia> SVector(1,2) in (-1..1) × (0..3)
true
``````

### Circles and Spheres

A `UnitHyperSphere{N,T}` contains `x::SVector{N,T}` if `norm(x) == one(T)`. `UnitCircle` and `UnitSphere` are two important cases:

``````julia> SVector(1,0) in UnitCircle()
true

julia> SVector(1,0,0) in UnitSphere()
true
``````

### Disks and Balls

A `UnitHyperBall{N,T}` contains `x::SVector{N,T}` if `norm(x) ≤ one(T)`. `UnitDisk` and `UnitHyperBall` are two important cases:

``````julia> SVector(0.1,0.2) in UnitDisk()
true

julia> SVector(0.1,0.2,0.3) in UnitBall()
true
``````

### Union, intersection, and setdiff of domains

Domains can be unioned and intersected together:

``````julia> d = UnitCircle() ∪ 2UnitCircle();

julia> in.([SVector(1,0),SVector(0,2), SVector(1.5,1.5)], Ref(d))
3-element BitArray{1}:
true
true
false

julia> d = UnitCircle() ∩ (2UnitCircle() + SVector(1.0,0.0))
the intersection of 2 domains:
1.  : UnitHyperSphere{2,Float64}()
2.  : A mapped domain based on UnitHyperSphere{2,Float64}()

julia> SVector(1,0) in d
false

julia> SVector(-1,0) in d
true
``````

### The domain interface

A domain is any type that implements the functions `eltype` and `in`. If `d` is an instance of a type that implements the domain interface, then the domain consists of all `x` that is an `eltype(d)` such that `x in d` returns true.

Domains often represent continuous mathematical domains, for example, a domain `d` representing the interval `[0,1]` would have `eltype(d) == Int` but still have `0.2 in d` return true.

### The `Domain` type

DomainSets.jl contains an abstract type `Domain{T}`. All subtypes of `Domain{T}` must implement the domain interface, and in addition support `convert(Domain{T}, d)`.

05/30/2017