Find all roots of a function in a guaranteed way with Julia



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This package provides guaranteed methods for finding roots of functions, i.e. solutions to the equation f(x) == 0 for a function f. To do so, it uses methods from interval analysis, using interval arithmetic from the IntervalArithmetic.jl package by the same authors.

Basic usage examples

The basic function is roots. A standard Julia function and an interval is provided and the roots function return a list of intervals containing all roots of the function located in the starting interval.

julia> using IntervalArithmetic, IntervalRootFinding

julia> f(x) = sin(x) - 0.1*x^2 + 1
f (generic function with 1 method)

julia> roots(f, -10..10)
4-element Array{Root{Interval{Float64}},1}:
 Root([3.14959, 3.1496], :unique)
 Root([-4.42654, -4.42653], :unique)
 Root([-1.08205, -1.08204], :unique)
 Root([-3.10682, -3.10681], :unique)

The :unique status tell us, in addition, that each listed region contains exactly one root. The other possible status is :unknown, which corresponds to intervals that may contain zero, one, or more roots - no guarantee is provided for these intervals.

These results are represented in the following plot, the region containing roots being in green. The inset show a close-up of one of the roots:

basic usage

The full documentation is available here.


  • Luis Benet, Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
  • David P. Sanders, Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)


Financial support is acknowledged from DGAPA-UNAM PAPIME grants PE-105911 and PE-107114, and DGAPA-UNAM PAPIIT grants IN-117214 and IN-117117. LB acknowledges support through a Cátedra Moshinsky (2013).

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