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MolecularBoxes

Tools for dealing with periodic boundary conditions used in molecular simulations.

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MolecularBoxes.jl

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MolecularBoxes is a Julia package providing tools for dealing with periodic boundary conditions when analysing molecular simulations.

For example, to create a rectangular box with periodic boundary conditions in x, y and z start a Julia REPL and enter:

julia> using MolecularBoxes

julia> using StaticArrays

julia> box_edge_length = SVector(3.0,4.0,5.0)
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 3.0
 4.0
 5.0

julia> box = Box(box_edge_length)
Box{SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3},3,(true, true, true)}(([3.0, 0.0, 0.0], [0.0, 4.0, 0.0], [0.0, 0.0, 5.0]), [3.0, 4.0, 5.0])

The lengths of the sides of the boxes and the unit cell vectors can be accessed via the type fields:

julia> box.lengths
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 3.0
 4.0
 5.0

julia> box.vectors
([3.0, 0.0, 0.0], [0.0, 4.0, 0.0], [0.0, 0.0, 5.0])

To get the vector separating two points according to the nearest image convention:

julia> v1 = SVector(0.1, 0.2, 0.3)
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 0.1
 0.2
 0.3

julia> v2 = SVector(2.9, 3.9, 4.9)
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 2.9
 3.9
 4.9

julia> separation(v1, v2, box)
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 0.20000000000000018
 0.30000000000000027
 0.39999999999999947

separation(v1, v2, box) should be read as "the separation of v1 from v2 in box".

A box can also be defined with one or more fixed (ie non-periodic) boundaries in order to avoid applying the minimum image convention in that direction.

julia> box_fpf = Box(box_edge_length, periodic=(false, true, false))
Box{SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3},3,(false, true, false)}(([3.0, 0.0, 0.0], [0.0, 4.0, 0.0], [0.0, 0.0, 5.0]), [3.0, 4.0, 5.0])

julia> separation(v1, v2, box_fpf)
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 -2.8
  0.30000000000000027
 -4.6000000000000005

Finally, the center of mass of a collection of particles in a fully-periodic system can be calculated:

julia> center_of_mass([v1, v2], box) # assuming all particles have the same mass
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 3.0
 0.04999999999999972
 0.10000000000000014

julia> center_of_mass([v1, v2], box, weights=[1.0, 2.0])
3-element SArray{Tuple{3},Float64,1,3}:
 2.9662270109017728
 3.999162045790778
 0.03205882409647218

First Commit

08/09/2018

Last Touched

about 2 years ago

Commits

1 commits

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