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julia package connecting
julia to the
Qt UI framework via
Steven G. Johnson's PyCall connection to
(https://github.com/stevengj/PyCall.jl) and the
PySide libraries of
the Qt Project (http://qt-project.org/wiki/PySide).
(An alternative could be to use
PySide proved easy to
install and does a better job with the seamless conversion of
This package doesn't provide much beyond:
PyCall's event loop integration
a few convenience functions
some examples illustrating the basic usage.
apt-get install python-scipy)
This example illustrates how to use the
PyCall interface to produce a basic GUI with a
parent container, layout, button, callback and dialog:
using PySide # imports Qt, QtCore (Qt is QtGui) w = Qt.QWidget() # constructors w[:setWindowTitle]("Hello world example") # w.setWindowTitle() is w[:setWindowTitle] in PyCall lyt = Qt.QVBoxLayout(w) w[:setLayout](lyt) btn = Qt.QPushButton("Click me", w) lyt[:addWidget](btn) qconnect(btn, :clicked) do # qconnect convenience to connect to a signal msg = Qt.QMessageBox(btn) msg[:setWindowTitle]("A message for you...") msg[:setText]("Hello world!") msg[:setInformativeText]("Thanks for clicking.") msg[:setIcon](Qt.QMessageBox()[:Information]) # how to pick out Qt::QMessageBox::Information enumeration convert(Function, msg[:exec])() # Sometimes, one must must convert to a function (or call qexec(msg)) end raise(w) # show and raise widget
PyCall objects have many methods accessible through
., but not all. The
[:symbol' notation can access the remainder. This allows access to most of the functionality of
We also provide a slightly more convenient interface for common tasks. For example, the "hello world" example could be written as:
using PySide # imports Qt, QtCore (Qt is QtGui) w = Widget() setWindowTitle(w, "Hello world example (redux)") # methodName(object, args...) lyt = VBoxLayout(w) # we require a parent for all but Widget, MainWindow setLayout(w, lyt) btn = Button(w) setText(btn, "Click me") push!(lyt, btn) # alternative to addWidget(lyt, btn) qconnect(btn, :clicked) do # also change_slot(btn, () -> MessageBox(...)) MessageBox(btn, "Hi there", :Information) end raise(w)
The constructors have some conveniences. As un-parented objects can go
out of scope, we require a parent to be passed in to all but the
top-level objects (
The methods have the basic signature
args...). Alternatively, one can call as
object[:methodName](args...). The latter is possible even if a
convenience method is not created.
The main point of this is to simplify some tasks, but also to give each widget a type so we can write some generic methods, these being:
set_value to retrieve the main value for selection
set_items to get/set the items to select from
change_slot to connect a slot to the most typical event.
There are other examples in the examples directory.
6 months ago