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Requests

HTTP for Julians

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Requests.jl

An HTTP client written in Julia. Uses joyent/http-parser via HttpParser.jl.

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Requests Requests

Quickstart

julia> Pkg.add("Requests")

julia> using Requests
julia> import Requests: get, post, put, delete, options

Make a request

get("http://httpbin.org/get")
post("http://httpbin.org/post")
put("http://httpbin.org/put")
delete("http://httpbin.org/delete")
options("http://httpbin.org/get")

Add query parameters

get("http://httpbin.org/get"; query = Dict("title" => "page1"))
get("http://httpbin.org/get"; query = Dict("multi" => ["value1", "value2"]))

Add plain text data

post("http://httpbin.org/post"; data = "Hello World")

Add JSON data

post("http://httpbin.org/post"; json = Dict("id" => "1fc80620-7fd3-11e3-80a5"))

Add form-encoded data

post("http://httpbin.org/post"; data=Dict(email=>"a", pw=>"b"))

Request compressed data

get("http://httpbin.org/get"; compressed=true)

Send compressed data (GZip)

post("http://httpbin.org/post"; data="compress this data", gzip_data=true)

Set headers and cookies

post("http://httpbin.org/post"; headers = Dict("Date" => "Tue, 15 Nov 1994 08:12:31 GMT"),
                                cookies = Dict("sessionkey" => "abc"))

HTTP basic authentication is parsed and set as a proper Authorization header from the URI:

post("http://username:password@httpbin.org/post")

Set a timeout

This will throw an error if more than 500ms goes by without receiving any new bytes from the server.

get("http://httpbin.org/get"; timeout = .5)    # timeout = Dates.Millisecond(500) will also work

Controls redirects

By default, redirects will be followed. max_redirects and allow_redirects control this behavior.

get("http://httpbin.org/redirect/3"; max_redirects=2)  # Throws an error

# Returns a response redirecting the client to "www.google.com"
get("http://google.com"; allow_redirects=false)  

File upload

The three different ways to upload a file called test.jl (yes this uploads the same file three times).

    filename = "test.jl"
    post("http://httpbin.org/post"; files = [
      FileParam(readall(filename),"text/julia","file1","file1.jl"),
      FileParam(open(filename,"r"),"text/julia","file2","file2.jl",true),
      FileParam(IOBuffer(readall(filename)),"text/julia","file3","file3.jl"),
      ])
    ])

FileParam has the following constructors:

    immutable FileParam
        file::Union{IO,Base.File,AbstractString,Vector{UInt8}}     # The file
        # The content type (default: "", which is interpreted as text/plain serverside)
        ContentType::ASCIIString
        name::ASCIIString                                  # The fieldname (in a form)
        filename::ASCIIString                              # The filename (of the actual file)
        # Whether or not to close the file when the request is done
        close::Bool
    end

    FileParam(str::Union{AbstractString,Vector{UInt8}},ContentType="",name="",filename="")
    FileParam(io::IO,ContentType="",name="",filename="",close::Bool=false)

Inspect responses

Via accessors (preferred):

readstring(::Response)      # Get the payload of the response as a string
readbytes(::Response)       # Get the payload as a byte array
Requests.json(::Response)   # Parse a JSON-encoded response into a Julia object
statuscode(::Response)      # Get the HTTP status code
headers(::Response)         # A dictionary from response header fields to values
cookies(::Response)         # A dictionary from cookie names set by the server to Cookie objects
requestfor(::Response)      # Returns the request that generated the given response
Requests.history(::Response)# Returns the history of redirects that generated the given response.

or directly through the Response type fields:

type Response
    status::Int
    headers::Headers
    cookies::Cookies
    data::Vector{UInt8}
    request::Nullable{Request}
    history::Vector{Response}
end

Saving responses

cat = get("https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/Termografia_kot.jpg")
save(cat, "catpic.jpg")  # Save the payload to a file
view(cat)  # View the payload using your system's default applciation for its mimetype

Streaming API

Write bytes to disk as they are received:

stream = Requests.get_streaming("https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/Black_cat_being_snowed_on.jpg")

open("cat.jpg", "w") do file
  while !eof(stream)
    write(file, readavailable(stream))
  end
end

Stream out data of potentially unknown length using chunked encoding:

stream = Requests.post_streaming("http://htpbin.org/post",
  headers=Dict("Transfer-Encoding"=>"chunked"), write_body=false)  
# `write_body=false` causes `post_streaming` to only write the headers, allowing you the chance to write the body manually
for data_chunk in ["first", "second"]
    write_chunked(stream, data_chunk)
end
write_chunked(stream, "")  # Signal that the body is complete

response = readall(stream)  # Get back the server's response

First Commit

06/25/2013

Last Touched

10 days ago

Commits

187 commits