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SpecialMatrices

Julia package for working with special matrix types.

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Special Matrices

A Julia package for working with special matrix types.

This package extends the Base.LinAlg library with support for special matrices which are used in linear algebra. Every special matrix has its own type. The full matrix is accessed by the command full(A).

Build Status Coverage Status

Currently supported special matrices

Cauchy matrix

julia> Cauchy([1,2,3],[3,4,5])
3x3 Cauchy{Int64}:
 0.25      0.2       0.166667
 0.2       0.166667  0.142857
 0.166667  0.142857  0.125

julia> Cauchy([1,2,3])
3x3 Cauchy{Int64}:
 0.5       0.333333  0.25
 0.333333  0.25      0.2
 0.25      0.2       0.166667

julia> Cauchy(pi)
3x3 Cauchy{Float64}:
 0.5       0.333333  0.25
 0.333333  0.25      0.2
 0.25      0.2       0.166667

Circulant matrix

julia> Circulant([1:4])
4x4 Circulant{Int64}:
 1  4  3  2
 2  1  4  3
 3  2  1  4
 4  3  2  1

Companion matrix

julia> A=Companion([3,2,1])
3x3 Companion{Int64}:
 0  0  -3
 1  0  -2
 0  1  -1

Also, directly from a polynomial:

julia> using Polynomials

julia> P=Poly([2,3,4,5])
Poly(2 + 3x + 4x^2 + 5x^3)

julia> C=Companion(P)
3x3 Companion{Number}:
 0  0  -0.4
 1  0  -0.6
 0  1  -0.8

Frobenius matrix

Example

julia> using SpecialMatrices

julia> F=Frobenius(3, [1.0:3.0]) #Specify subdiagonals of column 3
6x6 Frobenius{Float64}:
 1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  1.0  1.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  2.0  0.0  1.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  3.0  0.0  0.0  1.0

julia> inv(F) #Special form of inverse
6x6 Frobenius{Float64}:
 1.0  0.0   0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  1.0   0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0   1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  -1.0  1.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  -2.0  0.0  1.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  -3.0  0.0  0.0  1.0

julia> F*F #Special form preserved if the same column has the subdiagonals
6x6 Frobenius{Float64}:
 1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  2.0  1.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  4.0  0.0  1.0  0.0
 0.0  0.0  6.0  0.0  0.0  1.0

julia> F*Frobenius(2, [5.0:-1.0:2.0]) #Promotes to Matrix
6x6 Array{Float64,2}:
 1.0   0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0   1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0   5.0  1.0  0.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0   9.0  1.0  1.0  0.0  0.0
 0.0  13.0  2.0  0.0  1.0  0.0
 0.0  17.0  3.0  0.0  0.0  1.0

julia> F*[10.0:10.0:60.0]
6-element Array{Float64,1}:
  10.0
  20.0
  30.0
  70.0
 110.0
 150.0

Hankel matrix

Input is a vector of odd length.

julia> Hankel([-4:4])
5x5 Hankel{Int64}:
 -4  -3  -2  -1  0
 -3  -2  -1   0  1
 -2  -1   0   1  2
 -1   0   1   2  3
  0   1   2   3  4

Hilbert matrix

julia> A=Hilbert(5)
Hilbert{Rational{Int64}}(5,5)

julia> full(A)
5x5 Array{Rational{Int64},2}:
 1//1  1//2  1//3  1//4  1//5
 1//2  1//3  1//4  1//5  1//6
 1//3  1//4  1//5  1//6  1//7
 1//4  1//5  1//6  1//7  1//8
 1//5  1//6  1//7  1//8  1//9

julia> full(Hilbert(5))
5x5 Array{Rational{Int64},2}:
 1//1  1//2  1//3  1//4  1//5
 1//2  1//3  1//4  1//5  1//6
 1//3  1//4  1//5  1//6  1//7
 1//4  1//5  1//6  1//7  1//8
 1//5  1//6  1//7  1//8  1//9

Inverses are also integer matrices:

julia> inv(A)
5x5 Array{Rational{Int64},2}:
    25//1    -300//1     1050//1    -1400//1     630//1
  -300//1    4800//1   -18900//1    26880//1  -12600//1
  1050//1  -18900//1    79380//1  -117600//1   56700//1
 -1400//1   26880//1  -117600//1   179200//1  -88200//1
   630//1  -12600//1    56700//1   -88200//1   44100//1

Kahan matrix

julia> A=Kahan(5,5,1,35)
5x5 Kahan{Int64,Int64}:
 1.0  -0.540302  -0.540302  -0.540302  -0.540302
 0.0   0.841471  -0.454649  -0.454649  -0.454649
 0.0   0.0        0.708073  -0.382574  -0.382574
 0.0   0.0        0.0        0.595823  -0.321925
 0.0   0.0        0.0        0.0        0.501368

julia> A=Kahan(5,3,0.5,0)
5x3 Kahan{Float64,Int64}:
 1.0  -0.877583  -0.877583
 0.0   0.479426  -0.420735
 0.0   0.0        0.229849
 0.0   0.0        0.0
 0.0   0.0        0.0

julia> A=Kahan(3,5,0.5,1e-3)
3x5 Kahan{Float64,Float64}:
 1.0  -0.877583  -0.877583  -0.877583  -0.877583
 0.0   0.479426  -0.420735  -0.420735  -0.420735
 0.0   0.0        0.229849  -0.201711  -0.201711

For more details see N. J. Higham (1987).

Riemann matrix

Riemann matrix is defined as A = B[2:N+1, 2:N+1], where B[i,j] = i-1 if i divides j, and -1 otherwise. Riemann hypothesis holds if and only if det(A) = O( N! N^(-1/2+epsilon)) for every epsilon > 0.

julia> Riemann(7)
7x7 Riemann{Int64}:
  1  -1   1  -1   1  -1   1
 -1   2  -1  -1   2  -1  -1
 -1  -1   3  -1  -1  -1   3
 -1  -1  -1   4  -1  -1  -1
 -1  -1  -1  -1   5  -1  -1
 -1  -1  -1  -1  -1   6  -1
 -1  -1  -1  -1  -1  -1   7

For more details see F. Roesler (1986).

Strang matrix

A special SymTridiagonal matrix named after Gilbert Strang

julia> Strang(6)
6x6 Strang{Float64}:
  2.0  -1.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0
 -1.0   2.0  -1.0   0.0   0.0   0.0
  0.0  -1.0   2.0  -1.0   0.0   0.0
  0.0   0.0  -1.0   2.0  -1.0   0.0
  0.0   0.0   0.0  -1.0   2.0  -1.0
  0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0  -1.0   2.0

Toeplitz matrix

Input is a vector of odd length.

julia> Toeplitz([-4:4])
5x5 Toeplitz{Int64}:
 0  -1  -2  -3  -4
 1   0  -1  -2  -3
 2   1   0  -1  -2
 3   2   1   0  -1
 4   3   2   1   0

Vandermonde matrix

julia> Vandermonde([1:5])
5x5 Vandermonde{Int64}:
 1  1   1    1    1
 1  2   4    8   16
 1  3   9   27   81
 1  4  16   64  256
 1  5  25  125  625

First Commit

04/18/2014

Last Touched

about 1 month ago

Commits

41 commits

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